TCAD-Augmented Machine Learning with and without Domain Expertise
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
In this article, using experimental data, we demonstrate that the technology computer-aided design (TCAD) is a very cost-effective tool to generate the data to build machine learning (ML) models for semiconductor device and process characterization. Characterization of the emerging ultra wide bandgap gallium oxide (Ga2O3) Schottky barrier diode (SBD) is used as an example. Machines are trained by using only TCAD I - V 's and then used to deduce the effective Schottky metal work function (WF) and ambient temperature ( T ) of an experimental SBD based on its I - V. Besides noise, the experimental device also suffers from relatively large variations in drift layer thickness and doping concentrations. Both ML models with domain expertise (WDE) and without domain expertise (WoDE) are studied and compared. The ML model WDE requires the use of device knowledge to extract relevant features (e.g., subthreshold slope and turn-on voltage) for ML. The ML model WoDE obviates such a requirement and can be extended to cases where domain expertise is difficult to apply. Denois- ing autoencoder is used in the WoDE case. We showed that with only 500 TCAD I - V 's, we can train machines WDE and WoDE that can deduce the experimental device WF and T reasonably well. In particular, the ML model WoDE has an acceptable prediction accuracy despite the noise and additional variations in the experimental device.
Autoencoder (AE), gallium oxide, machine learning (ML), simulation, technology computer-aided design (TCAD), ultra wide bandgap
Harsaroop Dhillon, Kashyap Mehta, Ming Xiao, Boyan Wang, Yuhao Zhang, and Hiu Yung Wong. "TCAD-Augmented Machine Learning with and without Domain Expertise" IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices (2021): 5498-5503. https://doi.org/10.1109/TED.2021.3073378