This review describes the development, special features and applications of silica hydridebased stationary phases for HPLC. The unique surface of this material is in contrast to ordinary, standard silica, which is the material most frequently used in modern HPLC stationary phases. The standard silica surface contains mainly silanol (Si-OH) groups, while the silica hydride surface is instead composed of silicon-hydrogen groups, which is much more stable, less reactive and delivers different chromatographic and chemical characteristics. Other aspects of this material are described for each of the different bonded moieties available commercially. Some applications for each of these column types are also presented as well as a generic model for method development on silica hydride-based stationary phases.
Aqueous normal-phase, Dual retention modes, HPLC, Surface water layer
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Joseph J. Pesek and Maria T. Matyska. "Silica hydride: A separation material every analyst should know about" Molecules (2021). https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26247505