The scarce negative Poisson's ratio (NPR) in a two-dimensional (2D) material is an exceptional auxetic property that offers an opportunity to develop nanoscale futuristic multi-functional devices and has been drawing extensive research interest. Inspired by the buckled pentagonal iso-structures that often expose NPR, we employ state-of-the-art first-principles density functional theory calculations and analyses to predict a new 2D metallic ternary auxetic penta-phosphorus boron nitride (p-PBN) with a high value of NPR. The new p-PBN is stable structurally, mechanically, and dynamically and sustainable at room temperature, with experimental feasibility. The short and strong quasi sp3-hybridized B-N bond and unique bond variation and geometrical reconstruction with an applied strain allow p-PBN to inherit a high value of NPR (-0.236) along the (010) direction, the highest among any other ternary penta iso-structures reported to date. Despite having a small elastic strength, the highly asymmetric Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio along the (100) and (010) directions indicate large anisotropic mechanics, which are crucial for potential applications in nanomechanics and nanoauxetics.
National Science Foundation
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Chemical and Materials Engineering
Shambhu Bhandari Sharma, Issam A. Qattan, Santosh Kc, and Ahmad M. Alsaad. "Large Negative Poisson's Ratio and Anisotropic Mechanics in New Penta-PBN Monolayer" ACS Omega (2022): 36235-36243. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.2c03567