Volume 10, Issue 1 (2022)

Themis is published annually by the students of the Justice Studies Department at San Jose State University. All views of fact or opinion are the sole responsibility of the authors and may not reflect the views of the editorial staff or faculty.

Questions or comments may be directed to Themis, Department of Justice Studies, San Jose State University, One Washington Square, San Jose, CA 95192. Contact via email at themis-journal@sjsu.edu.

Ownership of papers is retained by authors. Papers may be submitted for publication elsewhere. Authorization has been granted by authors for use of papers in both the printed publication of Themis and online.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without written permission from Themis.

Copyright © 2022
San Jose State University

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Themis Editors

Managing Editors
Rowan Dunton
Isabella Mahan

Associate Editors
Miranda Cabanayan
Karen Cerna
Karlee Crespo
Sarah Dairokuno
Joyce Guevara
Jill Kessler-Miller
Yvone Lee
Stephen Menner
Najaby Orobio
Lj Anne Pavao
Katie Penry
Helena Volckaert
Ken Zhu

Faculty Advisor
Mary Juno, MSc