Between 1995 and 2005, the number of female offenders increased significantly. However, studies show that most female offenders do not commit violent crimes. Researchers have established that women that have experienced some form of abuse causes them to offend. Although women do not commit violent crimes, they still receive severe punishments. Incarceration is not a solution for reform and courts should consider the effects of abuse on female offenders. This paper illustrates how the effects of abuse correlates with female offenders, describes the effects of abuse on male offenders and how it relates to female offenders, and provides additional risk factors that can lead to a woman’s pathway towards criminality. Additionally, this paper will provide policy implications for women offenders that have experienced abuse in their lifetime.
"Effects of Abuse on Female Offenders,"
Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science: Vol. 6
, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/themis/vol6/iss1/5