A theoretical study of the oxidation of InP(001)-(2 × 4) surface is performed using density functional theory methods. Our results on surface oxidation show that the oxygen adsorption does not produce any gap states in the bulk InP band gap, due to the saturation of surface In dangling bonds, whereas substitutional oxygen atoms produce gap states. This study also shows that the surface stability increases with the oxygen content, indicating a strong tendency for surface oxidation. Our results help to clarify the origin of surface gap states upon surface oxidation and provide an insight at the atomic level the mechanism of surface oxidation, which will assist in the understanding of the degradation of III-V devices upon oxygen exposure or interfacial oxidation with high dielectric constant oxides.
Santosh KC, Weichao Wang, Hong Dong, Ka Xiong, Roberto Longo, Robert Wallace, and Kyeongjae Cho. "First principles study on InP (001)-(2 × 4) surface oxidation" Journal of Applied Physics (2013). doi:10.1063/1.4794826