Document Type


Publication Date

December 2019

Publication Title

Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology


Adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) is a powerful tool used to increase strain fitness in the presence of environmental stressors. If production and strain fitness can be coupled, ALE can be used to increase product formation. In earlier work, carotenoids hyperproducing mutants were obtained using an ALE strategy. Here, de novo mutations were identified in hyperproducers, and reconstructed mutants were explored to determine the exact impact of each mutation on production and tolerance. A single mutation in YMRCTy1-3 conferred increased carotenoid production, and when combined with other beneficial mutations led to further increased β-carotene production. Findings also suggest that the ALE strategy selected for mutations that confer increased carotenoid production as primary phenotype. Raman spectroscopy analysis and total lipid quantification revealed positive correlation between increased lipid content and increased β-carotene production. Finally, we demonstrated that the best combinations of mutations identified for β-carotene production were also beneficial for production of lycopene.


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